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Harries & Harries, p. 22.
Harries & Harries, p. 29.
Harries & Harries, pp. 20–24.
Harries & Harries, p. 363.
Harries & Harries, p. 28.
Harries & Harries, pp. 29–31.
Harries & Harries, p. 109.
Harries & Harries, pp. 110–111.
Humphreys, The Way of the Heavenly Sword: The Japanese Army in the 1920s, page 25
Harries & Harries, p. 123.
Harries & Harries, p. 124.
Harries & Harris, p. 193.
Harries & Harries, p. 197.
Jowlett, p. 7.
Soviet-Japanese Neutrality Pact April 13, 1941. (Avalon Project at Yale University)
"Battlefield - Manchuria - The Forgotten Victory", Battlefield (documentary series), 2001, 98 minutes.
Jowlett, pp. 15–16, 21.
Bergerund, Eric. Fire in the Sky (Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 2000).
Harries & Harries, pp. 475–476.
Harries & Harries, p. 463.
Chen, World War II Database
This is quite substantially more than the 2,000 who surrendered in the Russo-Japanese War. Gilmore, p.155.
Dower, John W., Prof. War Without Mercy: Race and Power in the Pacific War (New York: Pantheon, 1986).
Quoted in Gilmore, p.163.
Gilmore, pp.63, 68. & 101.
Yoshimi and Matsuno, Dokugasusen Kankei Shiryo II, Kaisetsu, 1997, p.25–29.
Fujiwara, Shōwa tenno no ju-go nen senso, 1991, pp.135–138; Yamada, Daigensui Showa tenno, 1994, pp.180, 181, and 185.
Bix, Herbert. Hirohito and the Making of Modern Japan (New York: HarperCollinsPublishers, 2000), p.466, citing the Sugiyama memo, p.24.
Harries & Harries, p. 471.
Harries & Harries, p. 487.
Kristof, Nicholas D. "Shoichi Yokoi, 82, Is Dead; Japan Soldier Hid 27 Years," New York Times. September 26, 1997.
"The Last PCS for Lieutenant Onoda," Pacific Stars and Stripes, March 13, 1974, p6
"Onoda Home; 'It Was 30 Years on Duty'," Pacific Stars and Stripes, March 14, 1974, p7
"The Last Last Soldier?," TIME, January 13, 1975
pg 106-107, "Conscription, Chapter IX: National Defence," The Japan-Manchukuo Year Book 1938, Japan-Manchukuo Year Book Co., Tokyo
pg 214-216, "The Military Service System," Japan Year Book 1938-1939, Kenkyusha Press, Foreign Association of Japan, Tokyo
pp 332-333, "Exchange and Interest Rates," Japan Year Book 1938-1939, Kenkyusha Press, Foreign